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1968 Miura

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1968 Miura

Post by LhYnxz on Fri Jan 25, 2008 7:08 pm

Miura made its debut at the Geneva Auto Show in 1966, and left the
public speechless. The body was designed by Bertone under the direction
of Marcello Gandini. Lamborghini engineers were able to squeeze an
in-house V-12 laterally across the frame, thus creating a true
mid-engine sports car capable of over 175 mph. This cara was featured
in the September 2007 issue of Automobile Magazine as one of the 25
Greatest Cars of All Time.

Lamborghini Miura Roadster, also known as 'ZN-75', is a very unique
vehicle with a history to match. The Miura P400 Roadster was shown to
the public at the 1968 Brussels Auto Show. The design and construction
was handled by the Bertone company and featured a removable roof. A few
years prior, the coachbuilding firm, Touring, had created the 350 GTS,
and though the Miura P400 slightly similar, it was also a redesigned
vehicle with many differences. The rear louvers that concealed the
engine were no longer used. The exhaust pipes now existed through the
lower grill and the rear end was given different tail lights. Changes
were made to the roofline and to the interior. Since the roof was to be
removable, the car had to remain steady at speeds of 300 km/h. For the
interior, the switches that had been on the overhead console were
relocated to the dashboard. The Roadster, also known as
a Spider or Spyder, was never a production vehicle. A top had never
even been built for the prototype. The original prototype was later
sold to ILZRO (International Lead and Zinc Research Corporation). The
purpose of their purchase was to reconstruct the car using their own
metals and technology to help promote their business and the
capabilities of their talents. John Foster, a designer
for Ford, was given the opportunity to oversee the modifications. Upon
receiving the car, it was completely disassembled with many of the
parts receiving zinc-plating, chrome plating, polished or
remanufactured using metals made by ILZRO. In many regards, it went
from being an original to a 'replica', as many of the parts, including
the bumpers, exhaust, carburetor stacks, radiator, and more were
recreated. The car was finished in chrome with a metallic green paint
scheme over a black metallic base. The result was a dark green
appearance. The interior was finished in brown suede upholstery. The
name of the vehicle was changed to 'Zn-75' signifying the periodic
table of metals used during the reconstruction. This was
the ultimate show car, coupling beauty, design, and rare metals into
one exotic package. It made its debut in May of 1969 and shown
throughout the world on a very busy schedule. After its tour it was
auctioned to S.F. Radtke, who was the Executive Vice President of the
Ilzro at that time.During the late 1970s and early 1980s
the car received a restoration by Synthetex Inc and then was donated to
the Boston Transportation Museum in Massachusetts, USA in 1981. It was
later restored by J. Geils, a member at the museum at the time. The car
was later auctioned and purchased by an unknown buyer. At another
auction, the car was purchased by the Portman Group based in the UK. The
car has since changed ownership on several occasions. In recent times,
it has returned to the US in the care of a NY based real estate
developer named A. Gordon. Gordon had the car restored to the 1968
Brussels Salon configuration with the work being handled by Gary

The Miura was first show to the public at the
November 1965 Turin Auto Show. At the time, it did not have a body. It
was just a rolling-chassis. The design was mid-engined, very
revolutionary at the time. Bertone was chosen to body the vehicle.
Nuccio Bertone gave the project to Marcello Gandini. In early 1966 the
Bertone body and the chassis designed by Giampaolo Dallara were
assembled into one unit. In completed form, it was show to the public
at the 1966 Geneva Auto Show and dubbed the Miura. The name coming from
a breed of Spanish fighting bulls.The vehicle was instantly
popular with demand overshadowing the supply. Ferrucio Lamborghini had
originally planned the Miura to be a low production, flagship vehicle
with production set to around 30 models. The demand for the vehicle
eventually changed the plan for the vehicle and throughout its
lifespan, three series of the Miura were produced, the P400, S, and the
SV. Each series brought with it mechanical and aesthetical changes
through either fixed problems from the prior series or brought about
new developmental improvements.The P400 was the first
series, the 'P' stood for Posteriore, the location of the engine. The
400 represented the engine size, or 4.0 liters. The four-liter engine
was capable of producing 350 horsepower to the rear wheels. The
spot-welded chassis was made from steel and the steering was a
rack-and-pinion unit built and designed by Lamborghini. The front and
rear hoods were both 'clamshell' design. There were two small
compartments in the rear allowing a small amount of luggage or storage
space. Since the vehicle had been initially intended to
be a temporary vehicle, it was poorly assembled and lacked quality.
Another major problem was the lack of materials available. The builders
of the vehicle rarely had the parts and resources they needed to keep
up with demand. As time progressed, so did the quality. Production
began in March of 1967 and offered at a price of nearly $20,000 US
dollars with 108 units being constructed. The Miura S series appeared
in December of 1968. It was debuted to the public at the 1968 Turin
Auto Show. The 'S' stood for 'Spinto' meaning 'Pushed' or 'Tuned'.
Horsepower had been increased to 370, thanks in part through the use of
a new combustion chamber and larger intakes. The later 'S' series
models were given ventilated disc brakes and a modified rear
suspension. Air conditioning was available for an extra cost.In
March of 1971, the final version of the Miura, the SV, was displayed at
the Geneva Auto Show. The SV was the pinnacle of performance in regards
to the Miura series. The rear suspension received modifications
including a wider track. Wider tires were placed increasing the
performance and handling. The headlights, turn signals, bumper and tail
lights received changes. A carburetor change and larger intakes brought
the horsepower rating to 385. During its production lifespan only 142
examples of the Miura SV were created. The acronym 'SV' represented
'Sprint Veloce'.750 examples of the Miuras were built,
the last being constructed on October 12, 1973. Production would have
continued but Lamborghini was preparing to introduce its successor, the
Countach. Since Lamborghini was a small shop, it could only handle the
production of one model.

1968 Lamborghini Miura

Body StyleRoadster
Engine LocationMid
Drive TypeRear Wheel
Production Years for Series1968
Body DesignerBertone
Introduced At1968 Brussels Motorshow
Chassis / Engine Numbers Shown
Chassis NumberZn-75
Chassis NumberP400XN161 3435
Engine Number1827
0-60 mph6.6 seconds.
Top Speed174 mph | 280 km/h Similar top speeds
Engine ConfigurationV
Displacement3939.00 cc | 240.4 cu in. | 3.9 L.
Horsepower350.00 HP (257.6 KW) @ 7000.00 RPM
Torque272.00 Ft-Lbs (368.8 NM)
HP / Liter89.7 BHP / Liter
Fuel TypeGasoline - Petrol

Standard Transmission
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